Why Ethiopia is crucial to preventing a possible drought in Egypt

Egypt declares water emergency

The scarcity of water has been an increasingly worrying problem in Egypt that the government is yet to find a solution to, as although water-scarce Egypt is on the verge of the flood season, Cairo has declared a state of emergency due to a decline in water flow from last year. “The job of an irrigation engineer in Egypt has changed,” Mohammed al-Sibai, spokesman for the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, told Al-Monitor. “We no longer manage water flooding but manage water scarcity, and make precise plans to deal with it, so as not to harm the main interests and the citizens’ needs.” The statistics are worrying, as a report that was released on the 27th of July, read that the total annual Nile River flow dropped 5 billion cubic meters (1.3 trillion gallons, or 6.5 billion cubic yards) from the year before due to decreased floodwaters from the Ethiopian plateau and equatorial lakes. Although a water emergency has been declared, Egypt is still in a state where it can avoid a drought, as water experts say the country is in good enough shape because of its reserves and water conservation measures. However, this will only last so long, therefore the increasing importance of Ethiopia to Egypt as will be explained in point 2.

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