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US-Taliban Peace Talks: 5 Geopolitical Effects You Need to Know

1. Background – US troops withdrawal

In the past few months, the US has announced that it is ready to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan, in a gradual withdrawal, but said it would have to find an agreement with the Afghani government and Taliban to ensure peace ensues. Last month, US President Trump met with Pakistani PM Khan to discuss the withdrawal, which has appeared to help the process, as Trump’s request of Pakistan to put pressure on the Taliban to make a deal has worked. The US is now directly negotiating a deal with the Taliban and is prepared to reduce the number of troops in Afghanistan from 14,000 troops in to 8,000 or 9,000 as part of a peace deal with the Taliban. Should a deal between the 2 parties be reached, the US would also withdraw its embassy staff and move them to different posts around Asia.

2. Taliban push for peace

The Taliban appears to be pushing for peace, as from their comments and negotiations so far, they are surprisingly eager to close a deal with the US. A Taliban source told the AFP that they are organizing a direct meeting between top Taliban and US officials, including Taliban co-founder Mullah Baradar, who heads the movement’s political wing. The US wants to ensure that Afghanistan will not become filled with terrorism after they withdraw, and the Taliban appears to be willing to grant them that, however, it is unknown whether they intend to fulfil their promises when the US forces have finally left.

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3. Challenges remain

4. Thousands of civilians killed during talks

5. Taliban-Afghan negotiations to follow US deal

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