US pressure in the Persian Gulf bringing Russia closer to Iran: 5 Geopolitical Effects You Need to Know

1. Iran is Russia’s gateway to the Persian Gulf

Russia has growing geopolitical interests in the Persian Gulf, Moscow has taken more concrete measures to insert itself into Persian Gulf affairs and to carve out a place for itself in the region and a role in future decisions regarding regional security together with other great powers, notably the United States and the European Union. Iran is a key and necessary part of this plan, as Iran already has close, albeit highly unequal and one-sided (in Russia’s favour), relations with Moscow. And it appears the latest tensions in the Persian Gulf involving the US, have catalysed this, as approximately two weeks ago, the commander of the Iranian navy, Daryadar Hossein Khanzadi made a trip to Moscow and signed a secret military agreement, the details of which are as yet unknown.

2. Russia aligns itself with Iran

Russia has chosen the route of aligning itself with Iran to gain influence in the Persian Gulf. Although Russia stresses that “practical work on launching the process of creating a security system in the Persian Gulf” should start with “bilateral and multilateral consultations between interested parties, including countries both within the region and outside of it,” Tehran and Moscow are deeply involved in how to strengthen defense cooperation and before March 2020, will enact a joint naval exercise in of all places the Strait of Hormuz. Confirming the strengthening and definitive alliance, Russian National Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said: “Iran has always been and remains our ally and partner, with which we are consistently developing relations both on a bilateral basis and within multilateral formats.” This development will only increase tensions in the Persian Gulf and increase complications.

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