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Qatar

Qatar is the RICHEST country but is it FAIR? – KJ VIDS

*Since we made this video, Qatar has now lifted the exit restriction permit system for migrant workers*

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/qatar-lifts-exit-permit-system-migrants-workers-180905092910224.html

Qatar is the RICHEST country but is it FAIR?

Qatar is the richest country in the world with a per capita income of approximately $125,000. But much like other countries, a wealth gap has inevitably led to a potentially irreversible Qatar poverty rate, so long as this disproportionate distribution of wealth continues to occur.

Qatar serves as another reminder that the production of wealth does not automatically equate to a fairer society where everyone can benefit from the country’s wealth. This is important to observe since as long as emerging economies such as Pakistan and Turkey focus on the creation of wealth, rather than the distribution of wealth, they will inevitably face the same problems.

TURKEY and QATAR, Brothers or FRIENDS in NEED? – KJ Vids

TURKEY and QATAR, Brothers or FRIENDS in NEED? – KJ Vids

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TURKISH-QATAR Relations | FRIENDS in Need | KJ Vids

A week since the Turkish Lira crisis hit the headlines and whilst Erdogan and Trump play out a diplomatic tussle, the Turkish lira improved from record lows after Qatar’s Sheikh – Thamim bin Hamad Al Thani – said Qatar was standing by it “brothers in Turkey,” as he announced a $15bn investment into the country’s financial markets and banks.

But why has Qatar entered the scene and helped to temporarily, temper the crises. I’m Kasim, this is KJ Vids and in this video, we will look at the Qatar-Turkish alliance and the motive that Qatar has in allying with Turkey.

Qatar and Turkey are bound by strategic relations at the political, economic and military levels.

Top 5 Facts about the Qatar-Gulf Crisis

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]One year ago, an air, sea and land blockade was imposed on Qatar by four Arab countries: Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt. We take a look at the top five facts surrounding the latest developments of the blockade.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Despite the drop in oil revenues, Qatar’s economy has grown.”]Despite the drop in oil revenues, Qatar achieved a growth rate of 2.1 per cent in 2017, almost unchanged from the previous year, and is forecast to rise to 2.6 per cent this year, according to the IMF.

“Growth performance remains resilient. The direct economic and financial impact of the diplomatic rift between Qatar and some countries in the region has been manageable,” the International Monetary Fund said in a report on Wednesday (May 30).

Gas-rich Qatar tapped into its massive wealth to absorb the early shocks to its financial system, and secure alternative food supplies, maritime routes and ports, reports said.

“The latest data from Qatar reiterate that the worst of the hit to the economy from its diplomatic crisis with Saudi Arabia and its allies has now passed,” said Capital Economics in a report in May.

Doha injected tens of billions of dollars to offset a drop in banking deposits at the start of the crisis and succeeded in bringing the banking sector back to normal operations.

“Qatar’s economy has suffered on several fronts as new logistics links proved to be more expensive in the short term,” Andreas Krieg, a professor at King’s College London, told AFP.

“However, Qatar has been able to transform this crisis into an opportunity.”

Economic diversification has made a huge leap, such as the opening of Hamad Port to bypass Jebel Ali in Dubai. The multi-billion-dollar mega projects connected to the 2022 football World Cup have continued unabated, said Krieg.

In addition, Doha’s gas and crude oil exports have not been disrupted, providing a revenue lifeline.

Despite the rift, Qatari gas continues to flow into the UAE through the Dolphin pipeline.

Since the blockade began, Qatar – home of Al-Udeid, the largest US base in the region – has agreed a raft of military purchases worth tens of billions of dollars with the United States and Europe.

“Qatar made a large drawdown of its reserves and investment assets when the blockade began,” said Middle East commentator Neil Partrick.

Although it sustained losses in tourism revenue, it has enjoyed “economic success” assisted by Iran, Turkey and Oman, Partrick said.

The blockade’s negative impacts on Qatar were in real estate, tourism and Qatar Airways, which is expected to announce large losses because of longer routes.

According to Capital Economics, in the first six months of the blockade, visitors to Qatar dropped by 20 per cent, flights into Doha by 25 per cent, and Qatar Airways flights by 20 per cent.

It estimated loss in tourism revenue during the same period at US$600 million (S$803 million), and real estate prices fell by 10 per cent.

Mandagolathur Raghu, head of research at the Kuwait Financial Centre, said his company estimates Qatar Airways has lost around US$3 billion in revenues.

The blockading nations also suffered from the diplomatic crisis, though to a lesser degree.

“I think that the economic impact of the blockade on the entire region should not be underestimated. The loss due to the disruption of free trade is in the tens of billions of dollars for all countries,” Krieg said.

Dubai in particular has suffered billions of dollars in losses due to Qatari companies no longer being able to work there, he said.

Lost Qatari investments in the UAE real estate sector are worth hundreds of millions, while both Saudi Arabia and the UAE have taken a blow worth billions after cutting food exports to Qatar.

Capital markets suffered as a whole and GCC economic programmes will be delayed further.

“Projects that require GCC-wide coordination could be shelved or timelines indefinitely postponed,” Raghu told AFP.

Article Source – Straits Times[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Qatar has taken the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the UN International Court of Justice over human rights violations”]

Doha has filed a motion against the Emirates for triggering a series of measures that discriminate against Qataris and the country’s residents.

The measures include expelling Qataris from the UAE, prohibiting them from entering or passing through the Emirates, and closing UAE airspace and ports to Qatar.

“As set forth in detail in Qatar’s application to the International Court, the UAE led these actions, which have had a devastating effect on the human rights of Qataris and residents of Qatar,” the government in Doha said today.

According to Al Jazeera, Qatar believes that that the UAE’s measures violate the International Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Dissemination (CERD).

In December last year, the National Human Rights Committee based in Qatar published a report detailing the restriction on the freedom of movement, expression and the forceful separation of families as a result of the siege.

Qatar is seeking compensation for those impacted, although no information has been provided as to the value.

Article Source – Middle East Monitor[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: The US is expanding a major base in Qatar”]Qatar and the US signed a military cooperation agreement after Operation Desert Storm in 1991. The Al Udeid Air Base was built in 1996, and the US military moved its operations there in 2003, shortly after the invasion of Iraq.

The base currently houses around 10,000 US military personnel, and has been essential for air operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria.

The base is now the home of the US Air Force Central Command, and has proven essential for American air operations in the region.

“Qatar is strategically placed. Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria — these are all hotspots in the region. I am not exaggerating when I say 80% of aerial refueling in the region is from Udeid,” al-Attiyah said. “We’re the ones that keep your birds flying.”

Military personnel from the UK and other allies are also stationed at Al Udeid.

On August 2, Qatari Defence Minister Khalid bin Mohammad al-Attiyah visited Washington to meet with the US Department of Defense to discuss the upcoming expansion of a major US base in Qatar, and the strategic military partnership between both countries.

On July 24, al-Attiyah laid the foundation stone for the expansion project of Al Udeid base where roughly 11,000 US military personnel are stationed.

The ceremony was also attended by US Army Brigadier-General Jason Armagost, commander of the 379th Air Expeditionary Wing at Al Udeid.

The planned expansion will include construction of additional housing facilities and service buildings.

References:

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/gulf-crisis-started-180531140250121.html

http://uk.businessinsider.com/qatar-al-udeid-us-air-base-middle-east-permanent-2018-1?r=US&IR=T[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Qatar Airways will make a loss due to the blockades”]

  • On June 9, Qatar Airways CEO Akbar al-Baker said Qatar Airways has been impacted by the blockade, “it increased our flying time, and put pressure on [our] operational cost, but it did not stop the will and our determination to keep on our part of growth.”
  • Losses: On Wednesday, April 25, Qatar Airways CEO Akbar al-Baker told reporters that the airline has made a “substantial” loss in its financial year because of the regional dispute.
  • Acquisitions: On April 10, Qatar Airways bought a minority stake in JetSuite, a US private aviation company, potentially expanding the semi-private model across the US.
  • On February 20, Italian airline Meridiana changed its name to Air Italy with the backing of its new shareholder, Qatar Airways. The airline aims to become Italy’s flagship carrier, as UAE-backed Alitalia filed for bankruptcy.
  • The blockading countries have targeted Qatar Airways by forbidding it from using their airspace, but it has found alternative routes and expanded its travel network with new international partnerships.

Verbatim from Al Jazeerah[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 5: Russia will supply Qatar its S-400 Surface-to-air defence systems despite Saudi’s Opposition”]In January, Qatar’s ambassador to Russia said talks for the acquisition of Russia’s S-400 Surface-to-air- defence system were “at an advanced stage”.

This came after the signing of an agreement on military and technical cooperation between the two countries in October 2017 to further cooperation in the defence field during a visit by Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu to the Gulf state.

Saudi asked France, US, UK to prevent Qatar buying missile system but a senior Russian politician has said Moscow still plans to supply an advanced aerial defence system to Qatar despite Saudi Arabia’s reported opposition.

A senior Russian politician has said Moscow still plans to supply an advanced aerial defence system to Qatar despite Saudi Arabia‘s reported opposition.

In comments made to local media, Aleksei Kondratyev, a member of the Russian upper house and the deputy chairman of the committee on Defence and Security, said Russia will pursue its own objectives in determining sales of its S-400 surface-to-air missiles.

“Russia seeks its own interest, supplying S-400 to Qatar and earning money for the state budget. Saudi Arabia’s position has nothing to do with it, Russia’s plans will not change,” Kondratyev was quoted as saying by Sputnik on Saturday.

“It is clear that Riyadh plays a dominant role in the region, but Qatar gets an advantage by enhancing its armed forces due to the acquisition of Russian S-400 systems. Therefore, Saudi Arabia’s tension is understandable.”[/vc_toggle][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_facebook][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_single_image image=”4988″ img_size=”full” onclick=”custom_link” css_animation=”bounceInUp” link=”https://www.fundmypage.com/postbanner”][/vc_column][/vc_row]

List of 13 demands by Saudi Arabia and others on Qatar

Read original article on Al Jazeera or read just the list of demands below;

1) Scale down diplomatic ties with Iran and close the Iranian diplomatic missions in Qatar, expel members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard and cut off military and intelligence cooperation with Iran. Trade and commerce with Iran must comply with US and international sanctions in a manner that does not jeopardise the security of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

2) Immediately shut down the Turkish military base that is currently being built, and halt military cooperation with Turkey inside Qatari territories.

3) Sever all ties to all the “terrorist, sectarian and ideological organisations,” specifically the Muslim Brotherhood, ISIL, al-Qaeda, Fateh Al-Sham (formerly known as Nusra Front) and Lebanon’s Hezbollah. Qatar needs to formally declare those entities as terrorist groups based on the list of groups that was announced by Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, UAE and Egypt, and concur with all future updates of this list.

4) Stop all means of funding for individuals, groups or organisations that have been designated as terrorists by Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Bahrain, US and other countries.

5) Hand over “terrorist figures,” fugitives and wanted individuals from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain to their countries of origin. Freeze their assets, and provide any desired information about their residency, movements and finances.

6) Shut down Al Jazeera Network and its affiliate stations.

7) End interference in sovereign countries’ internal affairs. Stop granting citizenship to wanted nationals from Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Revoke Qatari citizenship for existing nationals where such citizenship violates those countries’ laws.

8) Qatar has to pay reparations and compensation for loss of life and other financial losses caused by Qatar’s policies in recent years. The sum will be determined in coordination with Qatar.

9) Qatar must align itself with the other Gulf and Arab countries militarily, politically, socially and economically, as well as on economic matters, in line with an agreement reached with Saudi Arabia in 2014.

10) Submit all personal details of all the opposition members that Qatar supported and detail all support that Qatar has provided them in the past. Stop all contacts with the political opposition in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Hand over all files detailing Qatar’s prior contacts with and support for those opposition groups.

11) Shut down all news outlets that it funds, directly and indirectly, including Arabi21, Rassd, Al Araby Al Jadeed, Mekameleen and Middle East Eye, etc.

12) Agree to all the demands within 10 days of it being submitted to Qatar, or the list becomes invalid.

13) Consent to monthly audits for the first year after agreeing to the demands, then once per quarter during the second year. For the following 10 years, Qatar would be monitored annually for compliance.

Qatar crisis: Turkish parliament approves troop deployment

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Read original article on Middle East Eye or read some of the key points below;

  1. Turkey‘s parliament on Wednesday approved a draft bill allowing its troops to be deployed to a Turkish military base in Qatar, an apparent move to support the Gulf Arab country when it faces diplomatic and trade isolation from some of the biggest Middle Eastern powers.
  2. Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain severed relations with Qatar and closed their airspace to commercial flights on Monday, charging it with financing militant groups.
  3. The Turkish bill, drafted before the rift, passed with 240 votes in favour, largely with support from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and nationalist opposition Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).
  4. Officials from the AKP and MHP said the legislation would allow troops to be deployed to a Turkish base in Qatar, amid reports Turkey is also set to offer food and emergency supplies to the country.
  5. Kamal Alam, a visiting fellow at diplomatic and defence think-tank RUSI said, “It won’t happen immediately, but the Saudi Islamic Arab coalition could fall apart and, maybe, if the situation continues we might see the first steps of replacing US protection in Qatar for Turkish protection.”

Oil prices dip on fears Middle East rift could harm OPEC cuts

Read original article on Reuters or read some of the key points below;

  1. Oil prices fell more than 1 percent on Monday on concerns that the cutting of ties with Qatar by top crude exporter Saudi Arabia and other Arab states could hamper a global deal to reduce oil production.
  2. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain closed transport links with top liquefied natural gas (LNG) and condensate shipper Qatar, accusing it of supporting extremism and undermining regional stability.
  3. Olivier Jakob, strategist at Petromatrix said,  “In terms of oil flows it doesn’t change very much but there is a wider geopolitical impact one needs to consider,” Jakob added, explaining that a breakdown in relations between Qatar and Saudi Arabia could make the OPEC-led agreement on production cuts less effective.
  4. There are already doubts the effort to curb production by almost 1.8 million bpd is seriously denting exports. While there was a dip in OPEC supplies between February and April, a report on Monday by Thomson Reuters Oil Research said OPEC shipments likely jumped to 25.18 million bpd in May, up over 1 million bpd from April.
  5. Crude output in the United States, which is not participating in the cuts, has jumped more than 10 percent since mid-2016 to 9.34 million bpd, close to levels of top producers Saudi Arabia and Russia.

Qatar hosts largest US military base in the Middle East

Read original article on CNN or read some of the key points below;

  1. The United States, happens to maintain its biggest concentration of military personnel in the Middle East at Qatar’s Al Udeid Air Base. The sprawling base 20 miles southwest of the Qatari capital of Doha is home to some 11,000 US military personnel.
  2. The US Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC) at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, provides command and control of air power throughout Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and 17 other nations.
  3. The base, which boasts one of the longest runways in the Persian Gulf at 12,500 feet, is a strategically important facility that can accommodate up to 120 aircraft.
  4. Construction of the $60 million CAOC facility, which the Air Force says “resembles the set of a futuristic movie,” was completed in 2003. At that time the US moved the CAOC from Saudi Arabia’s Prince Sultan Air Base, where since 1997 it had overseen operations during the war in Iraq.
  5. The 379th Air Expedition Wing is “the largest, most diverse expeditionary wing” in the Air Force. It has more than 100 aircraft currently at the Qatar base, including combat planes like the B-1 bomber as well as planes for airlift, refueling and intelligence, the website says.

Breaking News – Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Bahrain cut ties to Qatar

  1. Dispute over Qatar news agency hack spirals with Saudi pulling Qatari troops from Yemen as diplomatic ties are severed.
  2. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain say they are severing diplomatic relations with Qatar.
  3. The kingdom made the announcement via its state-run Saudi Press Agency early on Monday, saying it was taking the action for what it called the protection of national security.
  4. The statement appeared to be timed in concert with an earlier announcement by Bahrain similarly cutting ties.
  5. Bahrain’s foreign ministry issued a statement saying it would withdraw its diplomatic mission from the Qatari capital of Doha within 48 hours and that all Qatari diplomats should leave Bahrain within the same period.
  6. Qatar had no immediate comment.
  7. The dispute between Qatar and the Gulf’s Arab countries escalated after a recent hack of Qatar’s state-run news agency. It has spiralled since.

 

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