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The philosophy of science is a field of study that attempts to address how we can derive knowledge from scientific experiments and empirical data. In this video we will prove to you why scientific facts are not 100% and there is always the possibility of doubt.

The first problem with in the philosophy of science is induction: Induction is a thinking process where one makes conclusions by moving from the particular to the general. Arguments based on induction can range in probability from very low to very high, but always less than 100%. Here is an example of induction:

“I have observed that punching a boxing bag properly with protective gloves never causes injury. Therefore no one will be injured using a boxing bag.”

As can be seen from the example above, induction faces a key problem which is the inability to guarantee the conclusion, because a sweeping generalisation cannot be made from a limited number of observations. The best it can provide are probabilities, ranging from low to very high. In the aforementioned example the person who made the statement could not logically prove that the next person to punch a boxing bag will not get injured.

Therefore, the problem with induction is that it can’t produce certainty. This issue was raised by the 18th century Scottish philosopher David Hume in his book, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Hume argued that inductive reasoning can never produce certainty. He concluded that moving from a limited set of observed phenomena to making conclusions for an unlimited set of observed phenomena is beyond the present testimony of the senses, and the records of our memory.

The second problem with in the philosophy of science is Empiricism: Empiricism claims that we have no source of knowledge in a subject or for the concepts we use in a subject other than sense experience. Philosopher Elliot Sober in his essay Empiricism explains the empiricist’s thesis:

“Empiricists deny that it is ever rationally obligatory to believe that theories provide true descriptions of an unobservable reality…For an empiricist, if a theory is logically consistent, observations are the only source of information about whether the theory is empirically adequate.”
Empiricism suffers from limitations and logical problems. The main problem with empiricism is that it can only base its conclusions on observed realities and cannot make conclusions on unobserved realities. Elliot Sober explains this problem:

“Empiricists need to address problems in the philosophy of perception. The most obvious first stab at saying what seeing an object involves is to describe the passage of light from the object into the eyes, with the result that a visual experience occurs. However, the invisibility of white cats in snowstorms and the fact that we see silhouettes (like the moon during an eclipse) shows that this is neither sufficient nor necessary.”

Further exploring Sober’s example, imagine you observe a white cat walking outside of a house towards the direction of an oncoming snowstorm; you can see the cat walking up to the snowstorm and then you can no longer see the cat. A strong empiricist’s account would be to deny that there is a cat in the snowstorm, or at least suspend any claims to knowledge. However, based on other intellectual tools at your disposal you would conclude that there is a white cat in the snowstorm regardless of whether or not you can observe one.

Therefore since induction and empiricism are used in deriving knowledge from scientific data, then science cannot claim certainty. Our observations do not encompass all phenomena, therefore science is tentative. In other words it can change based upon future observations. For science to be certain, all natural phenomena must have been observed. This is impossible.

Therefore the scientific method of thinking to prove things like the existence of God or the belief of Muslims that the Qur’an is the divine word of God, is problematic and incoherent.

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Why Science cannot claim 100% Truth

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New Weapon Designed By Russian Inventor Demonstrating Of Destroying US, Israel and Russian Tanks

New secret weapon designed by Russian inventor, Semenov Dahir Kurmanbievich demonstrating of destroying US, Israel and Russian tanks.

Chinese Army training shooting cannon round without cannon: https://youtu.be/Mumt5M0gusE

Note: This video has been uploaded for education and entertainment purposes only and I do NOT own or support any party.

Support the channel here, https://www.paypal.me/MuhdZikry

Credits: https://youtu.be/KgQAfNP0RNA

5 apps to download this Ramadhan

There are plenty of apps that will help you through the month, from planning personal goals to increasing your knowledge – here are the best ones to check out.



This app is perfect for having easy and quick access to Qur’an readings and recitations.

The iQuran translates verses into many different languages and fonts and background can be customised.

Audio control is also available so you can play back verses and easily memorise them.

Athan Pro

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This app calculates the times you should be praying.

It uses your geographical location so you know you’re always praying at exactly the right time.

Ramadan Legacy

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Ramadan Legacy is an online journal to help you through the holy month.

It will help you stay organised and plan your personal goals.

You can also share photographs and reflections in your social stream.

Dustor Al Ummah

Dustor Al Ummah is a unique app that explains the rules for Muslims living in an Islamic Society under a proper Caliphate.

It presents the Islamic rules in the form of a constitution for ruling, economic, social and education sytsems.

It has all the evidences to backup the proposed constitution.

Qur’an Companion

The Qur’an Companion is a smart tool to help you memorise the Qur’an.

It helps you memorise the Qur’an at your own pace with plenty of features including the most important “repeat” feature.

It aslo has other fun and sharing features.


What Does 30 Days of Fasting do to Your Body?

In Ramadan, Muslims fast for a lunar month everyday from dawn till sunset. Here are some interesting information about what happens to your body when you fast for 30 days.

Detoxification Stage 1 (Day 1 To Day 2)

On the first day of fasting, the blood sugar level drops. The heart slows and blood pressure is reduced. Glycogen is pulled from the muscle causing some weakness. The first wave of cleansing is usually the worst. Headaches, dizzinessnausea, bad breath, and a heavily coated tongue are signs of the first stage of cleansing. Hunger can be the most intense in this period.

Detoxification Stage 2 (Day 3 To Day 7)

Fats, composed of transformed fatty acids, are broken down to release glycerol from the gliceride molecules and are converted to glucose. The skin may become oily as rancid oils are purged from the body. People with problem-free skin may have a few days of pimples or even a boil. The body embraces the fast and the digestive system is able to take a much-needed rest, focusing all of its energies on cleansing and healing. White blood cell and immune system activity increases. You may feel pain in your lungs. The cleansing organs and the lungs are in the process of being repaired. The breath is still foul and the tongue coated. Within the intestine, the colon is being repaired and impacted feces on the intestinal wall start to loosen.

Detoxification Stage 3 (Day 8 to Day 15)

You will experience enhanced energy, clear-mindedness and feel better. On the downside, old injuries may become irritated and painful. This is a result of the body’s increased ability to heal during fasting. If you had broken your arm 10 years before, there is scar tissue around the break. At the time of the break, the body’s ability to heal was directly related to lifestyle. If you lived on a junk-food diet, the body’s natural healing ability was compromised. During fasting, the body’s healing process is at optimum efficiency.

As the body scours for dead or damaged tissue, the lymphocytes enter the older, damaged tissue secreting substances to dissolve the damaged cells. These substances irritate the nerves in the surrounding region and cause a reoccurrence of aches from previously injured areas that may have disappeared years earlier. The pain is good as the body is completing the healing process. The muscles may become tight and sore due to toxin irritation. The legs can be the worst affected, as toxins accumulate in the legs. Cankers are common in this stage due to the excessive bacteria in the mouth. Daily gargling with salt and water will prevent or heal cankers.

Detoxification Stage 4 (Day 16 to Day 30)

The body is completely adapted to the fasting process. There is more energy and clarity of mind. Cleansing periods can be short with many days of feeling good in between. There are days when the tongue is pink and the breath is fresh. The healing work of the organs is being completed. After the detoxification mechanisms have removed the causative agent or render it harmless, the body works at maximum capacity in tissue proliferation to replace damaged tissue. After day 20, the mind is affected. Heightened clarity and emotional balance are felt at this time. Memory and concentration improve.

Subhan Allah what great health benefits are there are in fasting. But let us remember, our main intention should be to please Allah All-Mighty insha Allah..

This article was written by, Mr. Tom McGregor, author of Eating in Freedom and published on Ilmfeed.com.


Apple has started production of iPhone SE in India

Read original article by Benjamin Mayo on the 9to5 Mac or read just the key points below

  1. In a statement to the Wall Street Journal, Apple has confirmed that its manufacturing partners in India have started domestic production of iPhone SE. Presumably, the devices will bear an ‘Assembled in India’ label on the hardware. Apple is pushing hard into India as it looks for new markets to grow iPhone sales.
  2. The report says that the iPhone SE devices are being made in Bangalore and will ship to customers later in May, with the first domestically-produced phones appearing on store shelves next week.
  3. There are obviously some cost savings for Apple to take advantage of by producing domestically and local government reportedly believes Apple could sell its iPhone for as low as $220 (converted to Indian currency).
  4. However, Apple may be more lenient with its pricing in order to capture marketshare in the region where the average smartphone sells for under $200. One would assume that if the iPhone SE is a sales success, Apple will want to produce its newer devices (like iPhone 7) domestically too.
  5. Meanwhile, the administration continues to pile pressure onto Apple to make more of its products within the United States. Foxconn is said to be exploring a US factory and Apple has launched a $1 billion investment fund for US advanced manufacturing.


The Ambulance Drone

The Ambulance Drone

Video Credit- NowThis on Facebook

Ibn al-Haytham – The Muslim Who Taught Europe Science

Simply Astonishing!

Ibn al-Haytham – One of the earliest scientists of the World who laid the foundations for the scientific method, and guess what he was a Muslim living under a Caliphate.

The Plastic Road Concept

The Plastic Road Concept – Constructing a road would take days instead of months, and roads would last three times as long.

Visit www.plasticroad.eu/en/ to learn more.
Video Credit- GIGadgets

What it’s like to work in Chinese factory assembling iPhones

FOR your average student at the prestigious New York University, Dejian Zeng had a really unconventional Summer internship job.

The 23-year-old student went undercover in a Chinese factory which was contracted to assemble Apple iPhones. Working six days a week on the assembly line he spent the better part of six weeks repeatedly putting screws in the back of Apple’s popular smartphones, over and over again.

Most of us would recoil at the idea but he embarked on the surreptitious mission because he wanted to see “how the workers feel and what their lives were like,” he told news.com.au.

“They’re not happy about it but they’re not very angry,” he said. They mostly come from rural areas and because they feel like they are lacking in education, they don’t have many options.

“They’re kind of expecting it to be very tiring, very boring and that they’re going to have to work long hours,” he said.

During the week Zeng would spend 12 hours inside the factory (but only get paid for 10.5 hours) and screw approximately 1800 screws into 1800 iPhones. He and the rest of the workers would also work an eight hour day on Saturday. Sunday was their only rest day.

For this monotonous and laborious work he was paid 3100 yuan a month after meals and board were taken out, or by today’s exchange rate, just $606.

For the 60 hours weeks he worked, on the occasion there was no forced overtime, that works out to be about $2.50 an hour.

Dejian Zeng spent six weeks working undercover at a factory which assembles iPhones in China.

Dejian Zeng spent six weeks working undercover at a factory which assembles iPhones in China.Source:Supplied

Zeng worked putting screws in the back of iPhone 6s and iPhone 7s and said the various jobs on the assembly line seemed to be handed out at random with the less taxing jobs usually given to female workers.

The investigation was a result of a partnership between NYU and a Chinese NGO called China Labor Watch which periodically sends undercover workers into factories to investigate working conditions.

When Zeng interned with the NGO last year, he soon found himself happily being sent to factory near Shanghai owned by Taiwanese contract manufacturing giant Pegatron which was contracted to assemble the Apple devices.


Getting a job inside the factory was incredibly easy. Zeng said he simply “rocked up” outside the building with a crowd of other job hopefuls during an intake with their luggage in hand. The most strenuous part on the interview process was reciting the English alphabet, he said.

“There was a quick interview process that you show your hands and recite English alphabet. It’s just so easy.”

A vast majority of the workers lived in eight-bed dormitories at the site of the factory for 160 yuan a month, deducted from their salary. The facilities included a gym and a counselling and therapy office for workers.

Employees were not allowed to take any electronics inside the factory production area but Zeng took a number of photos of the living quarters and surrounding areas which he shared with news.com.au.

Job hopefuls would simply show up with their luggage looking for a job in the factory.

Job hopefuls would simply show up with their luggage looking for a job in the factory.Source:Supplied

Most workers lived on site for 160 yuan per month.

Most workers lived on site for 160 yuan per month.Source:Supplied

The showers in the factory dorms.

The showers in the factory dorms.Source:Supplied

The factory was chosen because according to China Labor Watch at the time it had increased the base wage of workers to comply with new minimum wage laws but at the same time cut stipends and the few benefits afforded to workers, leaving them worse off. As a result Zeng expected workers to strike soon after he arrived but it never materialised.


During their days on the assembly line workers would chat to those around them and sometimes sing songs — but that was often punctuated by managers yelling at workers to increase their pace.

“They (managers) had a very bad attitude to workers” and would consistently yell at those not doing their job fast enough, Zeng said. “Yelling is just so normal, you can hear them every day.”

“Every second counts,” was the manager manifesto on the factory floor.

He recalled one incident in which a manager stopped an entire assembly line from working and gathered them together to yell at one worker who was new and wasn’t keeping up the pace.

“One day all of a sudden the manager just totally exploded,” Zeng said. “We were all shocked. That’s just one incident I remember so clearly.”

Workers in their uniform, which includes slippers for the factory floor, waiting to begin work.

Workers in their uniform, which includes slippers for the factory floor, waiting to begin work.Source:Supplied

Workers have a card which they swipe for every meal.

Workers have a card which they swipe for every meal.Source:Supplied

The dining hall for workers.

The dining hall for workers.Source:Supplied

Human rights activists and labour rights activists have made a concerted push to highlight any violations and improve the conditions of factory workers in developing economies who underpin the digital revolution in the West.

Another Taiwanese manufacturer of iPhones, the more notorious Foxconn, is also characteristically media shy but the company’s factories have seen their fair share of scrutiny in recent years following a string of worker suicides in 2010, 2011 and 2013. As well as a deadly fire at a plant that manufactured iPads in 2011.

The Pegatron factory where Zeng went undercover was also profiled by the BBC in 2014 and Bloomberg in 2016, both of which reported cases of forced excessive overtime and difficult working conditions.

Apple says it always has staff on the ground monitoring their assembly factories and Zeng did recall seeing them “two or three times” in their highly visible green tracksuits. But when managers knew they were coming they would be on their best behaviour, he said, and instruct the employees to clean up and work quietly.

“And then they (the Apple employees) would just walk by. That would be it.”

Apple technicians were also occasionally required to monitor that products were being assembled properly.


Dejian Zeng graduated this week with a Masters in Public Administration from NYU and plans to work for a human rights based organisation with a focus on China.

As for his stint undercover, and the report that ensued, he says it was all about making customers of Apple products aware of what they’re buying and how it got to them.

“When you use your iPhones and Macbooks, don’t take it for granted. And realise that there’s thousands of people working day and night, like 24 hours, in the factory to produce the product that you are using,” he said.

Investigations like these by the Chinese NGO are also aimed at the company themselves which are selling the end product in hopes they will be pressured into improving conditions for overseas factory workers.

“We want Apple to see it. A lot of the time the target is Apple,” Zeng said. “We think there is some work to be done.”

Dejian Zeng graduated this week with a Masters in Public Administration.

Dejian Zeng graduated this week with a Masters in Public Administration.Source:Supplied

Original Article Source – News.Com.Au

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