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Month: July 2018

The Geopolitics of Kashmir

China, India and Pakistan, all three of which are nuclear states, have vital strategic interests in Kashmir.

Kashmir shares borders with Afghanistan, a country where South Asia meets Central Asia.

Central Asia is a geographic bridge between Europe and other parts of Asia.

Kashmir is a vital geographic component to China’s Belt and Road Initiative and the China-Pakistan-Economic-Corridor (CPEC).

Besides the benefits of connecting to Europe and elsewhere, there are other advantages in access to Central Asia.

The region is home to huge natural resources, hydrocarbons and minerals, which both China and India are craving.

Furthermore, the landlocked region’s consumer markets – a population of 70 million – are open for exploitation.

Kashmir’s geographic accessibility to Central Asia – via Afghanistan – makes the position of Kashmir, very significant.

Pakistan intends to use infrastructure built under the CPEC initiative to connect ‘directly by-land’ to both China and Central Asia.

For its part, China wants to secure access to the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean via CPEC to avoid naval blockades.

China’s access to the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean would ensure a Chinese naval presence close to India’s waters.

India also wants to create a trade route linking Afghanistan, Central Asia, Russia and Europe.

Currently, India have to sail through the Arabian Sea to reach Iranian ports from which freight then proceeds over land.

But India’s regional connectivity plans known as the “International North-South Corridor” are time-consuming and costly.

If it wasn’t for Pakistan-Kashmir which stands between India-administered Kashmir and Afghanistan, India would have had a ‘direct by-land’ route access to Afghanistan, Central Asia, Russia, and Europe.

As well as trade routes, the glacial waters that flow via Kashmir provide water and electricity to a billion people in India.

Pakistan also relies heavily on glacial waters flowing from the region to prop up its agricultural sector.

With an increased need for electricity, India has looked to the region to develop more hydro facilities.

Pakistan fears that India may divert water necessary for irrigation, and use water as a weapon against Pakistan.

Kashmir is thus a major national security issue for both nations, the control of which could pose an existential threat to the other.

Kashmir will remain a major national security for both India and Pakistan, as well as play a critical role for China.

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Top 5 Facts About the Kurdish People

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]The Kurds have a long history of political marginalisation and persecution, and have repeatedly risen up, particularly in Iraq and Turkey, in pursuit of greater autonomy or complete independence. In this article we present you with five top facts about the Kurds to better help us understand their significance in the Middle East.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: The most populous Kurdish community is in Turkey – Est 14.3-20 Million”]In Turkey the Kurdish settlement area comprises the 23 vilayets (departments) of eastern and south-eastern Anatolia and the Kurdish districts of Sivas and Marash covering an area of about 230,000 square kilometers. The territory, which the Kurds call Northern Kurdistan (Kurdistana Bakur), has 14.2 million inhabitants in 2016. According to several surveys, 86% of them are Kurds, the remainder being Arab minorities (Urfa , Mardin, Siirt) and Turkish (mainly military, police and civil servants), as well as Syriacs and Armenians. So in 2016 there are about 12.2 million Kurds still living in Kurdistan in Turkey.

We know that there are also strong Kurdish communities in the big Turkish metropolises like Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, Adana and Mersin. The numerical importance of this “diaspora” is estimated according to sources at 7 to 10 million, of which more than 3 million in Istanbul, which is the largest Kurdish city in the world and where in the June 2015 elections the pro-Kurdish HDP party won 11 seats of deputies.

Assuming an average estimate of 8 million Kurds in the Turkish part of Turkey, thus arrives at the figure of 20 million Kurds in Turkey, about 25% of the total population of this country.

Kurdish people celebrate to show their support for the upcoming September 25th independence referendum in Erbil, Iraq September 8, 2017. REUTERS/Azad Lashkari – RC1655D8A340

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: The Kurds were used as pawns by Britain after World War 1″]After the First World War, the Kurds like other nationalists within the Ottoman Empire sought the creation of a nation-state. The dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire had left chaos and a political vacuum in the Kurdish-inhabited regions of South-Eastern Anatolia and Northern Iraq. The Kurdish nationalists, like other nationalists within the Empire, tried to take advantage of this situation and establish a Kurdish State. However, British strategy following the First World War was primarily oriented towards containing the Bolshevik threat, and in the Middle East this necessitated enhancing the territorial unity of Iraq, Iran and Turkey. For this reason, the United Kingdom, which had initially encouraged nationalism as a counter to Turkey’s pan-Islamism, opposed the establishment of a Kurdish state in an attempt to appease Kemalist Turkey during the Lausanne peace negotiations. The Lausanne Treaty, which was signed on 24 July 1923, formalised the de facto division of Kurdish-inhabited lands among Turkey, Iraq and Syria.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: The Kurds were used as pawns by America in 1975″]In March 1975, the desperate Kurds begged the Central Intelligence Agency: “Our people’s fate in unprecedented danger. Complete destruction hanging over our head. No explanation for all this. We appeal

Top 5 Facts About Pakistan’s COAS Qamar Javed Bajwa

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Earlier this year, the Chief of Army Staff, General Qamar Bajwa was ranked in Forbes Magazine as one of the most important people in the world. In light of this, we look at 5 top facts about Qamar Javed Bajwa.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Bajwa comes from an army family background.”]Bajwa was born on 11 November 1960 in Karachi to a Punjabi Jat family belongs from Ghakhar Mandi. His father was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Pakistani army. Lieutenant Colonel Muhammad Iqbal Bajwa died while in service in 1967 in Quetta, Balochistan. His mother died in September 2013. Bajwa’s father-in-law was also a Pakistan Army officer who retired as a Major General. General Qamar Bajwa is the youngest of five siblings.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Bajwa is a graduate of American and Canadian Military Education”]Bajwa completed his secondary and intermediate education from F. G. Sir Syed College and Gordon College in Rawalpindi before joining Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul in 62nd Long Course. Bajwa is a graduate of Canadian Army Command and Staff College in Canada, Naval Postgraduate School in United States and National Defense University, Pakistan. General Qamar Javed Bajwa was commissioned in 16 Baloch Regiment on 24 October 1980. This regiment alone has produced three out of the sixteen army chiefs in the past – General Yahya, General Aslam Baig and General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani.

Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, Calif., (Apr. 8, 2003) — Naval Postgraduate School enlisted Sailors join NPS Superintendent and Chief of Staff in recognizing their Retention Honor Roll Pennant, which represents the NavyÕs corporate universityÕs high retention rate of 98 percent for the last quarter of 2002. U.S. Navy Photo by Javier B. Chagoya. (RELEASED)

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Bajwa has served as a UN Peacekeeper in Congo”]Bajwa has also commanded a brigade in United Nations peacekeeping mission in Congo in 2007. He served in Congo as a brigade commander in 2007 under former Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army Bikram Singh, who was serving there as a division commander. Gen Singh later termed Bajwa’s performance there as “professional and outstanding” and praised his work ethics throughout the term of his service under the Indian General.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Bajwa said “We have no threats from India, in fact we have threats from the extremists between us.“”]In 2014, Bajwa, who was the then Corps Commander Rawalpindi, had said: “we have no threat from India, in fact we have threats from the extremist between us”.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 5: Bajwa was named in Forbes 2018 List as one of the 75 most powerful people in the world.”]

Pakistan Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Jawed Bajwa’s name was included by Forbes magazine list as one of the 75 most powerful people in the world.

Bajwa was honoured with the Nishan-e-Imtiaz, Hilal-e-Imtiaz, was ranked 68th among a list of 75 people.

According to the magazine, four factors were taken into account to select each individual: how many people over whom they have power; the financial resources they control;


Little is known about the brutal oppression Uyghurs face by the Chinese Authorities in the autonomous territory of northwest China called East Turkestan or “Xinjiang”.

In the last 12-18 months, China has put more than a million Uyghurs in Nazi style concentration camps, where they are held without charge or any terms of release.

There have been many reports that Muslims have been forbidden from fasting during Ramadan, forbidden from wearing their traditional dress and even keeping a beard.

As of 2017, the Uyghur language has been banned from schools and a religious crack-down has morphed into a total ban of Islam. They have demolished thousands of mosques (almost 70 percent) in Kashgar city and confiscated religious books, including the Quran.

During nearly six decades of annexation, China has pursued a policy of assimilation and changed the demographics of the region.

In 1949, Uyghurs represented 75% of the total population whilst the Hans only represented 7%. Through a policy of internal migration which incentivises Han settlers with economic packages, China has diluted the population. Now Uyghurs only represent 46% of the total population whilst the Chinese Han represent 40%.

Despite the Uyghurs having a rich history of over a thousand years in East Turkestan, China is imposing a forced assimilation policy upon the predominantly Turkic-speaking Uyghur Muslims. This has created new levels of tensions which China has responded to through the use of overwhelming force and political repression.

The reason for this oppression is because Uyghurs are seen as a barrier to Xi’s Jinping’s ambitions to use Xinjiang as springboard to Central Asia and beyond. Central Asia has vast energy resources, and the oil and natural gas doesn’t have to be loaded into tankers and shipped by sea. Instead, it is moved by pipeline in a steady flow to China’s booming coast. And the gateway to Central Asia is Xinjiang.

The current use of concentration camps as a tool of collective punishment of Uyghurs is designed to assimilate the indigenous population so that they adhere to the Chinese Communist party’s values. Raise awareness of the Uyghurs by liking and sharing this video.…

Top 5 Facts About Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]On Sunday 22nd July 2018, Pakistan‘s top court said it had begun reviewing statements made by a judge alleging the country’s spy agencies were influencing judicial proceedings, as the powerful military called for an investigation.

Pakistan‘s July 25 general elections have been hit by accusations of pre-poll rigging with ousted prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) party accusing the military of influencing the judiciary to deny it a second term.

Islamabad high court judge Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui accused the country’s premier spy agency, the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), of interfering in legal cases.

“The ISI is fully involved in trying to manipulate the judicial proceedings,” Siddiqui said in a speech to lawyers, adding the agency had told the court not to release Sharif and his daughter Maryam until after the elections.

Public criticism of the military by senior officials is rare in Pakistan, which has been ruled by the armed forces for half its 71-year history. In light of this ground breaking development we take a look at the top 5 facts about Pakistan’s Intelligence Agency (ISI).[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Pakistan’s ISI was founded in 1948 by a British army officer, Major General William Cawthorne”]The Australian-born Major-General Robert “Bill” Cawthome, once a British Army officer who had later joined the Pakistan Army, remains the longest-serving Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence Agency (ISI) for over nine years from 1950 to 1959. Research shows that General Robert Cawthome had laid down the basic principles of the ISI, together with a Pakistan Navy Commander, Syed Muhammad Ahsan, who is officially acknowledged to have played an integral part in managing the recruitment and expansion of this world class spy agency.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: ISI is rated one of best-organised intelligence agencies in the developing world”]Sometimes described as a state within a state with virtually no oversight. ISI is best known for the firm control it exercises over Pakistans politics and its role in protecting the military from domestic opposition. The ISI is seen as the Pakistani equivalent to Israel’s Mossad. The size of the ISI is not publicly known but it is widely believed to employ tens of thousands of agents, including many in the media.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Pakistani intelligence services organised the Afghan resistance against the Sovet Invasion in 1979″]The 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was seen by Pakistan as a grave threat to its national security. It also presented Pakistan with a major avenue to build on its 1973 policy of empowering dissident Islamists against the governments in Kabul.

Furthermore, Pakistan had been a partner of the United States in the Cold War since the 1950s, and this cooperation had provoked numerous Soviet threats over the years.  The new leader of Pakistan, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, who seized power in a 1977 military coup, was a fervent anti-communist.

General Zia approached the United States for help with organizing a religious resistance against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Top 5 Facts About Turkish-Israel Relations


The leaders of Turkey and Israel have exchanged angry remarks, further straining the countries’ already tense bilateral relations. The war of words, which erupted after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticised a controversial law adopted by Israel’s parliament last week, which defines the country as the nation-state of the Jewish people. In light of these latest developments, we present you with the top five facts about Israel-Turkish Relations.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Turkey was the first Muslim country to recognise Israel”]Turkey was the first Muslim country to recognise Israel, in 1949, and the states enjoyed relatively warm relations for many decades. Turkey and Israel shared many interests in the region as allies of the West and modern, relatively secular countries in a region dominated by Arab nationalism and religious conservatism.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Turkey is Israel’s 11th largest trading partner”]Below is a list showcasing 15 of Israel’s top trading partners, countries that imported the most Israeli shipments by dollar value during 2017. Also shown is each import country’s percentage consumption of total Israeli exports.

  1. United States: US$17.2 billion (28.2% of total Israeli exports)
  2. United Kingdom: $5.2 billion (8.5%)
  3. Hong Kong: $4.2 billion (6.9%)
  4. China: $3.3 billion (5.5%)
  5. Belgium: $2.7 billion (4.5%)
  6. Netherlands: $2.3 billion (3.8%)
  7. India: $1.9 billion (3.2%)
  8. France: $1.7 billion (2.9%)
  9. Germany: $1.6 billion (2.7%)
  10. Switzerland: $1.5 billion (2.4%)
  11. Turkey: $1.4 billion (2.4%)
  12. Italy: $935.4 million (1.5%)
  13. Brazil: $905.5 million (1.5%)
  14. South Korea: $894.1 million (1.5%)
  15. Japan: $844.2 million (1.4%)

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Turkey has formally downgraded relations with Israel three times since Israel’s creation”]Three times in the past decades, in 1956, 1980, and 2011, Turkey initiated a formal downgrading of relations with Israel.

1956: Israel invaded Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula and occupied the Suez Canal, after which Turkey downgrades its diplomatic representation to the level of charges d’affaires.

1980: Turkey announced its plan to downgrade diplomatic relations with Israel to a symbolic level after the Knesset passed the Jerusalem Law in 1980 —Turkey cited Israel’s continued “unconciliatory” policy on Middle East problems.

2010: Turkey suspended diplomatic relations with Israel in the wake of the deadly Mavi Marmara incident. In 2016 Israel accepted Turkish preconditions for normalising relations, including demands to compensate families of Mavi Marmara victims. Israel paid about $20 million into a compensation fund for the families of those killed on the Mavi Marmara. Turkey, in turn, dropped criminal charges it had filed against Israeli officers.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Israeli President Shimon Peres was the first Israeli statesman to address the Turkish parliament, in 2007″]

Shimon Peres became the first Israeli president to speak before the legislature of a Muslim country.

“We may be saying different prayers, but our eyes are turned toward the same sky and toward the same vision for the Middle East,” Peres told an audience that included the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, as well as the Turkish prime minister, Abdullah Gul.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 5: Israel is the most hated country in Turkey”]A 2014 Pew Research poll  found that Israel is the most …

Top 5 Facts About Pakistan’s Military

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]The military of Pakistan has played a critical role since its inception in 1947. Amidst the 2018 General Elections, the Pakistani military is very much part of the debate due to its historical influence in shaping governance in Pakistan. Here are five top facts about the Pakistani military you need to know.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Pakistan has the 6th largest available manpower in the world”]According to global fire power, the Pakistani military is one of the largest forces in the world, in terms of active personnel.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Pakistan is the third largest contributor to United Nations “peacekeeping missions.“”]Pakistan is the third largest contributor to United Nations’ peacekeeping missions the world over, officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs told the Senate.

Officials said that as many as 7,123 Pakistani peacekeepers – including 6,703 personnel of armed forces, 74 military experts, 66 staff officers and 280 police officials – were currently deployed for seven different UN peacekeeping missions in Congo, Darfur, Haiti, Liberia, West Sahara, Central African Republic and Sudan.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Pakistan will deploy the largest number of troops on polling day of the 2018 General Elections in its history”]Over 370,000 troops have been deployed for Pakistan’s General Elections 2018. This is the largest military deployment on a polling day in the nation’s history. The army said it would deploy 371,388 troops at 85,000 polling stations.

The military said in a statement that the troops along with local security agencies will provide a “safe and secure environment” for voting amid concerns over terror attacks.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Pakistan’s Military has ruled Pakistan for nearly half the country’s history”]The military has ruled Pakistan, a nuclear-armed country, through various coups for nearly half the country’s history since it gained independence in 1947. Even during civilian rule, the country’s generals have wielded enormous power, setting the agenda for the country’s foreign and security policies.

Muhammed Ayub Khan rose to power in 1958. He suspended the constitution which had been adopted two years earlier and ensured that the new one gave him ample powers.

In 1977, Muhamed Zia-ul-Haq grabbed power in a coup. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the ousted prime minister, was sentenced to death and executed in 1979.

Pervez Musharraf toppled Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999 just when Sharif had decided to fire him as top army leader after a failed military campaign in the Kargil region of Kashmir. Musharraf held onto power until 2008.

(FILES) In this photograph taken on November 28, 2007, then Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf (L) salutes as he arrives with then newly appointed army chief General Ashfaq Kiyani during the change of command ceremony in Rawalpindi. A Pakistani court on April 18, 2013, has ordered the arrest of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for his controversial decision to dismiss judges when he imposed emergency rule in 2007, officials said. It was not immediately clear if or when the retired general would be arrested. Musharraf swept out of the Islamabad court, facing no resistance from

Mesut Ozil Quits International Football

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Mesut Özil is considered one of the greatest midfielders of his

The Arsenal midfielder quit international football, citing “racism and disrespect” he has faced in Germany.

In a lengthy statement posted on social media, he said he did not feel accepted in German society.

“Is it because it is Turkey? Is it because I’m a Muslim? I think here lays an important issue.”

He says he received hate mail and threats and was being blamed for Germany’s disappointing World Cup.

He felt singled out because of his Turkish heritage and his meeting with the Turkish President in May.

Ozil also cited statements from Germanpoliticians, racist taunts from fans and hate mail leading up to his decision.

Several other prominent European players of foreign descent also cited the same grievance.

“I am German when we win, but I am an immigrant when we lose,”

Thousands took to Twitter to support Ozil and lay scorn at the abuse Muslim and African players are subjected to in Europe.

Mesut Ozil’s story shows that despite the slogans, racism has not been kicked out of football.

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Top 5 Facts About Mesut Özil

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]On Sunday 22nd July 2018, Mesut Özil, the professional German football player, announced that he was quitting the German national team in three lengthy and explosive social media posts that cited “racism and disrespect” he has faced in Germany over his Turkish roots. Here are five top facts about Mesut Özil.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Mesut Özil received a prestigious German award as an example of “integration“ in German Society.”]In November 2010, Mesut Özil received the ‘Bambi Award’ in the ‘Integration’ category. He stole the show and was hailed as prime example of successful integration into German society. Upon his reward he said “This is a great honor for me and I’m very happy… Integration creates something new and makes for a more colorful Germany.”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Mesut Ozil recited the Holy Quran before World Cup matches”]

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Mesut Özil is the most expensive German player of all time”]The star attacking midfielder became the most expensive German player of all time when he was acquired by Arsenal in 2013 for £42.5 million.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Mesut Özil donated his 2014 World Cup winnings (est £240,000) to help sick Brazilian children for surgery”]Mesut Ozil was unveiled as an ambassador for the Big Shoe initiative, which uses the FIFA World Cup as inspiration to fund operations for young people around the world. The Big Shoe initiative was launched in 2006, ahead of the World Cup in Germany. [/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 5: Mesut Özil visited the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan, home to 80,000 people displaced due to the Syrian civil war. “]

The German playmaker visited Zaatari Refugee Camp in the northeast of Jordan and joined Syrian boys and girls under the age of 13 in two short football matches.

[/vc_toggle][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_facebook][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_single_image image=”4988″ img_size=”full” onclick=”custom_link” css_animation=”bounceInUp” link=”https://www.fundmypage.com/postbanner”][/vc_column][/vc_row]…

Top 5 Facts About Shehbaz Sharif

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Fact 1: Shehbaz is the longest serving minister in the history of Punjab spanning over 11 years of rule”]His tenures involved the 1997 Nawaz Government, 2008 Pakistan Peoples Party’s regime and 2013 PML-N’s rule. He is known for launching “mega-projects” in the public sector including infrastructure development, transit projects and power plants and is criticised over a lack of priorities, spending development funds mostly in Lahore and large cities, nepotism, conflict of interests and misuse of authority by opposition parties.

One of his projects known as the “Sasti Roti scheme” was scrapped after the Rs7.85 billion loan debt accrued from commercial banks was left unpaid by the food department owing to non-provision of funds earmarked in the financial years 2009-10 and 2010-11, according to the Express Tribune.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 2: Sharif spent years of self-exile in Saudi Arabia”]

After a coup in 1999, Shehbaz Sharif spent years of self-exile in Saudi Arabia, returning to Pakistan in 2007. Shehbaz was appointed as a CM for a second term after the PML-N’s victory in the province in the 2008 general elections.

While in exile in Saudi Arabia, Shehbaz was elected as the president of PML-N in August 2002 and moved to the United Kingdom in mid-2003 for medical treatment.

He was re-elected as the president of PML-N for a second term in August 2006 and returned to Pakistan along with Nawaz Sharif in November 2007.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 3: Shebaz has married five times and currently has two wives “]

Sharif has married with 5 women so far. He first married his cousin Begum Nusrat Shahbaz in the year 1973, who was a mother of 5 of his children including Hamza Sharif, Salman Sharif and three daughters. Nusrat Shahbaz died in the year 1993.

His second marriage was with the sister of Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) officer Tariq Khosa in the same year of his first wife’s death. The name of his second wife is Nargis Khosa.

Aaliya Honey became the third wife of the veteran politician whom he married secretly. But during his exile in Saudi Arabia, Shahbaz Sharif later divorced her.

In the year 2003, Shahbaz Sharif got married with the ex-wife of former governor Punjab Ghulam Mustafa Khar, Tehmina Durrani.

The 63-years old politician had his 5th marriage with Kalsoom Hay who was a wife of former DPO Okara Tariq Qureshi with whom he has three children.

Sharif’s two wives’ — Nusrat and Tehmina Durrani — have cumulative assets valued at Rs389 million, according to their asset details shared with the Election Commission of Pakistan.

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Fact 4: Shehbaz was once issued an issued an arrest warrant by an anti-terrorism court”]

In 2003, an anti-terrorism court issued an arrest warrant for Sharif in a 1998 extrajudicial killings case. Sharif was accused for ordering extrajudicial killings of five people in a fake police encounter in 1998 during his first tenure as Chief Minister of Punjab.

Sharif attempted to return to Pakistan in 2004 to appear

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